The Russian Empress Catherine the Great sent an army of miners into the Urals to look for it. During the Renaissance, amethyst was a symbol of humility and modesty. Saint Valentine was said to wear a ring set with an antique Amethyst carved in the image of Cupid.
Last century, amethyst believed to have great psychic powers was discovered among ancient ruins in Mexico, Central and South America. They replicate the shape and scale of a human skull, one named from a group of thirteen Crystal Skulls found throughout the world. The Amethyst Skull, as it has been named, was discovered in the early 1900's in Guatemala, Mexico and was brought to San Jose, California (U.S.A) in 1982 by a Mayan priest. The findings were astonishing. The skulls, sculpted from crystal amethys, was found to be carved and shaped against the natural grain of the crystal. Not only is this nearly impossible, it is completely unheard of for tools and skills available in the time from which they seem to come. Without absolute precision, carving amethyst this way would shatter it.
Amethyst has been thought to have many qualities throughout history, and all of them are positive. The stone was thought to help avoid evil thoughts, heighten intelligence, be good for a business mind, preserve soldiers from battle injuries, help the warrior to victory, aid the hunter in search of his game, protect the wearer from contagious diseases, and banish demons if the figure of a bear is inscribed on the jewel. Amethyst was known as a gem that would bring the highest, purest aspirations of human kind. Chastity, sobriety, and self-control ’s were all attributes made stronger by wearing the stone. The gem would guard against the passionate anger, and the evil or base nature of its wearer. The stone produced meditation and bravery.